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14 December 2022

In Polish legislation and deontology at the beginning of the 20th century, there was no mention of patient autonomy in the course of treatment. However, over the years, and above all the significant increase in patient awareness, the nature of healthcare changed. The patient could increasingly decide whether or not to undergo a particular treatment. However, there are a number of questions as to how far such autonomy restricts the freedom of patients to make decisions about their lives, for example in a religious or worldview context. It is important to remember that the law does not always respect patient self-determination. This includes procedures such as abortion (with some exceptions) and euthanasia, which are prohibited by law. On the one hand, the protection of human life over the will of the patient must be submitted. On the other hand, a doctor who would undertake medical services without the patient's consent would be attacking life or health, since he or she is acting on behalf of these goods, but violates the patient's freedom, his or her right to decide on the state of his or her their own people and their own fate.

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.psjd-19d62440-0e2f-4adc-8575- 6a63c59ed675